In Japan, Yahoo! is very much the dominant search engine. While the majority of SEO best practice for Google applies to Yahoo! it’s important to understand the differences between how users search in Japan, and how search engines behave in Japan compared to other countries.
It’s also important to realise that Yahoo! Chiebukuro (Yahoo! 知恵袋) is very powerful in Japan, or as we probably know it best – Yahoo! Answers.
Search engines in Japan include Yahoo! Japan, Google Japan, Goo, Infoseek, Bing Japan, Excite, Fresh eye and Biglobe. Below are some best practice examples of how to succeed in organic search in Japan:
Japan Technical SEO
Local ccTLD & Hosting
As with most countries, having a ccTLD domain for Japan will bring you some benefits in Japanese organic search. Hosting your website locally will also give you a significant advantage as, like it is in most countries, it’s an important geographic indicator of trust and local authority.
In Japan, four writing styles are predominantly used, these are Latin, Kanjo, Hirangana and Katakana. Let’s look at the word ryokou, which is a common keyword, especially in the travel sector.
Now in Latin, this is obviously ryokou, users in Japan typically type in Latin before converting their search query into their preferred writing style. So in Kanji, ryokou would be 旅行, in Hiragana りょこう and in Katakana リョコウ.
If you sell a product, whether it be a physical product or software – I’d recommend using latin characters in your domain, meta data and titles.
Length is not strength.
Make sure that your URLs are UTF-8 encoded, this simply means converting them from text strings in URL format. While the use of Latin is important, Japanese search engines understand Japanese characters if they are formatted correctly and will display them in the SERPs.
URL Sub Folders In Japanese
To help improve localisation, use Japanese characters in your subfolders. Using ryokou as an example (and Kanji), your travel website could look like:
You should follow Google’s best practice for your URL structure, definitely avoid IDs or CGI parameters, ensure they are unique and use hyphens to separate words.
Oh, and don’t go more than three deep.
Regardless of which country you’re trying to target, title pages are a fundamental aspect of SEO.
They should be precise, explain the page and be short so that they aren’t truncated in the SERPs. In Japan, trust plays a large part in user search. If you have space, place your brand name at the end of your URL to create brand awareness.
Onsite SEO Japan
One of the most important aspects of onsite SEO is having good quality content, this doesn’t mean just translating existing content – it means having your content rewritten specifically for your Japanese audience.
This also includes ensuring that the template also caters for Japanese users. Currently in the western world, we want sleak and minimalistic designs, in Japan this is referred to as sibishii which means desolate. If you have a minimalistic website that to the western world is aesthetically pleasing, it won’t go down well in Japan. Japanese users like content, and well, we may describe it as a cluttered feel.
The Japanese are used to seeing a lot of information displayed, so don’t be put off from including lots of content on your pages. It is a different approach to the other side of the world- where less text, more engaging information and straight-to-the-point content are more common.
As always, avoid having thin and duplicated pages. If you must, use canonical tags on duplicated pages to avoid being penalised by the search engines or regarded as spam. Interactive approaches such as videos and infographics are always successful when it comes to engaging visitors to your website.
Other important HTML elements such as H1s, H2s, alt tags and anchor text elements are equally important, as is your page load speed.
Offsite SEO in Japan
Yahoo! Japan places more weight on directory listings than any other search engine.
Focus on building backlinks originating from Japanese IP addresses, local domains, local hosting as well as from websites that contain Japanese content.